- According to UNHCR censuses, 84 million people are displaced worldwide. (As of summer 2021). As of February 24, 2022, many people are fleeing Ukraine. So far, there are already over 4 million people in addition to the 84 million. (As of 3/31/2022)
- more than two-thirds of all refugees worldwide, around 68 percent, come from the following five countries: Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar, Venezuela.
Source: https://www.unhcr.org/refugee-statistics/ (as of mid-2021).
- Turkey hosts the largest number of refugees with 3.7 million people. Poland is second as of March 2022, followed by Colombia with more than 1.7 million people, including Venezuelans displaced abroad. Uganda has 1.5 refugees. (As of mid-2021 and March 2022).
- 42 percent or 35 million of the refugees are children and youth under 18. (As of mid-2021)
- 85 percent of the world’s refugees live in the Global South in so-called developing countries*. Least developed countries grant asylum to 27 percent of the total. (as of mid-2021)
*The term “developing country” is controversial. However, there is no uniform term in German usage.
6. The modern right to asylum developed in the course of the formation of European nation states in the 19th century, which was accompanied by large movements of refugees. The basic right to asylum was introduced in Germany after the Second World War in 1948/49. Beyond the respective national legislation for the protection of refugees, today the Geneva Refugee Convention of 1951 forms the basis of international refugee law. In Germany, the right of asylum has been altered and restricted again and again in the past decades, for example in 1993 with the so-called asylum compromise or in 2016 with the so-called asylum package II.
- 145,071 people applied for asylum in Germany in 2020. Of these, 1.2% were granted asylum under Article 16 of the German Basic Law. 26.1 % were granted refugee status. Around 17 % were granted subsidiary protection or a ban on deportation was established. More than 50 % were rejected.
Source: https://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/Anlagen/DE/Statistik/BundesamtinZahlen/bundesamt-in-zahlen-2020.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=2 , p. 52
- Answer: freedom of faith and conscience. Questions and answers like these are part of the German orientation course and the „Zertifikat Integrationskurs“. In the course, knowledge about the state, society and history of Germany is taught in 100 lessons. The certificate is also required for successful naturalization, in addition to a number of other prerequisites.
- and 10. There are few studies that examine how many people with a so-called migration background work as journalists in the German media. A study from 2016 shows: No more than four to five percent of journalists in Germany have a migration background. A survey of editors-in-chief of the 126 German media with the widest reach from 2020 showed: six percent of editors-in-chief have an immigration background – and they all come from neighboring countries of Germany or the EU.
Sources: https://mediendienst-integration.de/integration/medien.html and
- Nigeria ranks third in language diversity. Of the total of 376 languages in the country, English, Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba are the official languages. Record holders in language diversity are Papua New Guinea with 847 and Indonesia with 655 languages. Between 6000 and 7000 languages still exist worldwide.
- Mandarin is the world’s most widely spoken language, with 1.120 billion native speakers. Second place goes to Spanish (460 million speakers). English is in third place (380 million speakers), closely followed by Hindi and Arabic.
- answer: In Germany there are eight regional and minority languages. Dialects and languages of immigrants are not added. Therefore, Turkish, for example, is not considered a minority language. 25.5% of the people living in Germany have an immigration history. The largest foreign group by citizenship is the nearly 1.5 million Turks.
Source: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional-_und_Minderheitensprachen_in_Europa and